Coins and currency, especially Islamic ones, are an important source of history, since they are an official document, a basic pillar of the state, one of its emblems, a token of its glory, reflecting the state of its economy, its sovereignty, transactions, and other circumstances, as well as its relations with other countries.
The Library has therefore acquired more than 8,100 rare gold, silver and bronze coins, dating back to various periods of Islamic history. It includes important and rare Arab and Islamic currencies, including coins minted in the Omayyad, Abbasid, Andalusian, Fatimid, Ayyubid, Seljuk, and Mamluk eras, as well as from the countries of the Islamic east, the countries of North Africa, and even from the Ottoman period.
The collection contains specimens from collections that are subjects of research for scholars and researchers, and also contains a collection of specimens that are not available in many local and international collections. This is something that has given great importance to the Library collection at the local and Arab levels.
We can even say that the Library is so full of treasures of knowledge that it is a sort of academy that encompasses the various knowledge sciences that are indispensable to the most prominent aspects of Islamic civilization and to the writing of its history, as well as being an important documentary record of Islamic civilization as it has flourished through the ages.